Every compost recipe needs the right mix of:
- Organic matter
- Dirt (soil)
1. Organic Matter
You need to add approximately equal amounts of “greens” and “browns”:
|Fresh organic materials:||Dead organic matter|
|Green leaves||Dry autumn leaves|
|Plant stems||Woodchips from|
|Tea bags||untreated wood|
2. Dirt (Soil)
Sprinkle a small amount of dirt through the mix. This gives your waste the bacteria it needs to turn it into compost. You can also use prepared compost or special compost activator.
Add enough water so that your compost material is damp but not soggy. If you use very dry ingredients, such as sawdust or newspaper, you may need to soaked them before you add them to the mix. Too much water is bad – make sure your compost bin or pile is well drained, and cover it to stop it getting too wet in the rain.
Cover your compost heap or bin during cold weather to insulate it from the cold and keep the bacteria warm and happy!
You need to mix your compost around regularly, or at least make sure there are some slits or holes in the container for ventilation. Composting will still work without air, but it is much slower and can get a bit smelly.